Types And Selection Of Circular Saw Blades ？
A circular saw blade is a cutting tool that comes in various models. Unlike other types of saw blades, it is an electrically powered blade without a manual style, making it an efficient cutting tool. Therefore, when selecting a circular saw blade, it is important to have some basic knowledge.
What are the types of circular saw blades?
There are many types of circular saw blades available. Choosing the right circular saw blade requires considering the appropriate number of teeth and diameter, as well as the specific blade type. In the market, blades are categorized based on the type of cutting machine and its intended use. Some options include standard circular saw blades, rip and crosscut blades, continuous rim blades, turbo rim blades, segmented blades, and grinding blades, among others.
Introduction to the types of circular saw blades:
1. Standard Circular Saw Blades:
Standard circular saw blades are suitable for cutting hardwood and wood composite materials. The tooth design determines the cutting speed and precision. Blades with fewer teeth provide faster cutting speed, while blades with more teeth offer better smoothness.
The gullets between the teeth of circular saw blades help in clearing the wood chips from the workpiece. Expansion slots at the blade's edge help prevent blade distortion due to expansion and contraction during use. These slots also minimize vibration and provide smoother cutting results.
2. Rip and Crosscut Blades:
Rip and crosscut blades are used for different cutting requirements. Rip blades have fewer teeth, typically ranging from 16 to 40, and are suitable for cutting along the length of the wood, providing strong cutting force and deep gullets to effectively remove chips. Crosscut blades are specifically designed for cutting across the grain of the wood. They have a length of teeth ranging from 40 to 80, providing clean cutting results with smaller gaps between the teeth.
Combination blades can perform both ripping and crosscutting operations. They have different combinations of teeth, separated by deep gaps. For ripping operations, each group has only one tooth, while four teeth are used for crosscutting operations.
3. Continuous Rim Blades:
Continuous rim blades are diamond-edged blades primarily used for cutting materials such as ceramic tiles and slate. They are sometimes referred to as diamond blades. The diamonds are bonded to the blade's edge, allowing it to cut through the material. Continuous rim blades provide very clean cutting surfaces. Some are suitable for dry cutting, some for wet cutting, and others can be used in various applications.
4. Turbo Rim Blades:
Turbo rim blades are similar to continuous rim blades. They are diamond blades with a serrated edge and are used for cutting materials such as bricks and concrete. These blades offer stronger cutting capabilities but may result in a rougher surface finish. Some are suitable for dry cutting, while others are suitable for wet cutting or a combination of both.
5. Segmented Blades:
Segmented blades typically feature diamond tips for cutting, but their edges are similar to regular blades, separated by gullets. These blades provide faster cutting speeds and can handle hard materials such as concrete and stone. However, they may leave a rougher surface. Some are suitable for dry cutting, similar to continuous rim blades and turbo rim blades, while others are suitable for wet cutting or a combination of both.
6. Grinding Blades:
Grinding blades are used for cutting hard materials such as concrete and stone. Some grinding blades are similar in size to metal-cutting saw blades but do not have teeth. They use abrasives such as aluminum oxide or silicon carbide for cutting.
How to choose the right saw blade?
For faster cutting of materials, blades with fewer teeth can be used, although the downside is that the cut may be uneven and less aesthetically pleasing. For finer smoothness, blades with more teeth can be used. The gullets between the teeth help clear the chips from the workpiece.
Different applications require different types of circular saw blades:
- Wood Cutting:
For cutting wood, feed blades are suitable, along with crosscut blades, combination blades, dado blades, finishing blades, and stacked dado set blades.
- Plywood Cutting:
Tearing blades and plywood blades can be used.
- Cutting Hard Materials like Bricks and Concrete:
Grinding blades, which have a smooth surface without teeth, can be used. Segment blades and turbo rim blades are also good choices.
- Cutting Ceramic Tiles and Slate:
Continuous rim blades, also known as diamond-edged blades, have the advantage of no teeth or gullets. They can have diamonds embedded in the blade for dry or wet cutting applications.